College Park Dental
7305 Baltimore Ave, Suite 204, College Park, MD 20740

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
I had a great experience at College Park Dental. I went in for a cleaning with Dr. Tiwary and her assistant Cindy, Both were so kind and made me feel comfortable. Cindy and I had small talk and just […]
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Not only am I happy with the dentistry, but it’s the only medical office where I never have to wait. I show up at my appointment time, and five minutes later, I’m sitting in the chair. The office […]
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I’ve been a patient of Dr. Brager for quite a few years. He has always been kind and thorough in his dentistry. He is very friendly and wise in his advice and counseling regarding my dental needs. […]
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I love love love College Park Dental. My Dentist is Dr. Miriam Bemani and she is excellent. She is so kind, caring and understanding. Within a matter on months she got my teeth in top shape. With […]
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I will admit to being a real chicken when it comes to the dentist. Everyone in the office does a great job of making you feel at ease and confident about the whole process. I would and have […]
Maxine G.
I have been going to College Park Dental for 15 years. The administrative and dental staff are knowledgeable, courteous, and friendly. The office is immaculate and equipped with the most current […]
Anonymous
My husband and I have been going to College Park Dental since 1990. Later in life I wanted someone to take a look at my children’s teeth and Dr. Majid Haghighiyan agreed to see them. Since 2003 the […]
Alicia N.
The staff is polite and courteous. The Dentist’s are thorough and attentive to my needs. Highly recommended if you are trying to find a great dentist office in a convenient location in Maryland.
Jason A.
College Park Dental is the best! I recently had a bridge made and Dr. Brager told me that he wanted me to be 100% satisfied and after 2 adjustments I’m happy to say that I am 100% satisfied. My […]
Martha W.
Having been going to Dr Brager for many years. Always great experience. Appointments on time and always available for emergencies.
Kaiserpedss U.
Our family has had great dental work at College Park Dental for over 20 years. They treat us like family and this helps us to relax. Going to the dentist is not usually “fun”!
Anonymous
I’ve been going to College Park Dental for the last 3 years or so. Prior to going here, I hadn’t been to the dentist in over five years. Throughout the past three years, I’ve had over a dozen […]
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Very friendly and efficient staff!
Erin S.
I’ve been coming to this office for years now and Dr. Brager and the staff have always been very kind and helpful.
Kevin Y.
I love College Park Dental. Over the years the staff has been very good to me from making an appointment, to explaining my estimates, to handling my dental processes in which Dr. Braeger is to […]
A A.
For years I’ve been frightened to go to the dentist, so I put it off as long as I could. Then I needed dental work and had to bite the bullet and make the call. I called someone close to home, […]
Joy T.
For fifteen years my family and I have gone here and they are always good with us.
Edward P.
I had to get three fillings done by Dr. Brager, and he did a great job! He explained each step of the process, made sure I was comfortable, made sure I had no pain, and made my overall experience a […]
Darlene Y.
I didn’t have any insurance but Jackie came up with a affordable payment plan and got me approved for their in house insurance. Left really relieved
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Dr. Brager has been giving me excellent care for 20 years. I trust him and appreciate his skill and consideration.
John B.
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Mon. – 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Tue. – 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Wed. – 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Thu. – 7:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Fri. – 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Sat. – 7:00 AM - 1:00 PM
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Phone: (301) 238-7083
Fax: (301) 927-2555
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  • Monday 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Tuesday 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Wednesday 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 7:00 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Friday 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM
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