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Posted on: May 15, 2015
Anesthesia During Dental Procedures
Visiting the dentist’s office can be stressful for any patients – especially those that find themselves in need of oral surgery. Other than routine cleanings and x-rays, almost every dental procedure is aided by the use of dental anesthesia. Luckily, this means that pain at the dentist is mostly a thing of the past.
Anesthesia can be as extensive or as mild as necessary to accommodate the needs of the patient. The most common methods of anesthesia used in our office include:
- Analgesics – These are also called pain relievers and include common non-narcotic medications such as ibuprofen and aspirin. Analgesics are usually used for mild cases of discomfort, and are typically prescribed following such procedures as a root canal or tooth extraction.
- Anesthetics – Anesthetics can either be topically applied, injected or swallowed. Dentists often apply topical anesthetics with a cotton swab to an area of the mouth where a procedure such as a restoration will be performed. This numbs the affected area. Topical anesthetics are used in many dental procedures such as tooth restoration. Topical anesthetics also are used to prepare an area for injection of an anesthetic. Carbocaine and Lidocaine are the most common kind of injectable anesthetics. Such medications block the nerves from transmitting signals and are used for more major types of procedures, such as fillings and root canals.
- Sedatives – Sedatives are medications designed to help a patient relax. This can be a powerful tool in avoiding pain. Sedatives are sometimes used in combination with other types of pain relievers and pain-killers. Laughing gas is a form of sedative. Conscious sedation involves administering a sedative while the patient is alert and awake. Deep sedation or general anesthesia involves administering a medication that places a patient in a state of monitored and controlled unconsciousness.