Causes and Treatment of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal treatment is often necessary when gum disease develops and is left untreated after many months or years. Often, advanced gum disease must be treated by a specially trained dentist known as a periodontist.
Gum disease will develop when plaque is allowed to build up along and under the gum line. This can occur when teeth are not properly or regularly brushed and flossed at home. Skipped regular dental cleanings, smoking, and chronic disease can also lead to gum disease.
Periodontal disease can cause tooth loss due to the destruction of the tissues that surround the teeth. It is a serious but treatable condition. The most common symptoms include chronic bad breath, bleeding and swollen gums, sensitive teeth, gum pain and receding gums.
Treatment if often available for advanced gum disease, with options including:
- Scaling – removal of tartar and bacteria on tooth surfaces and underneath the gums.
- Root planing – removal of rough spots on the tooth root where the germs gather.
- Antibiotics – may include mouth rinses and gels, or a locally administered antibiotic.
- Flap surgery – removal of tartar deposits in deep pockets which involves lifting back the gums and removing the tartar.
- Bone grafting – a natural or synthetic bone is placed in the area of bone loss.
For more information about periodontal treatment contact our office today.